Diabetes happens when your blood has too high or too low levels of sugar. There are two types of Diabetes we will be reviewing and their differences: Type 1 diabetes and Type 2.
Your pancreas controls how food is converted into fuel for your body. When you eat a meal, your body registers how much glucose is present in your blood. Your pancreas then secretes insulin to help break down and store glucose (aka sugar). People with diabetes have problems detecting their blood sugar levels, so their pancreas gets confused about secreting the right amounts of insulin.
Type 1 diabetes is genetic. You get it when you are young, and you cannot get rid of it. It’s insulin dependent type, so a person with this type of diabetes will usually have an insulin pump. It is common to have low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) with type 1 diabetes.
Difference Between Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2
Type 2 is mostly due to diet. There is some genetic component, but not as much. People with type 2 diabetes tend to be overweight with poor diets. You can control your diabetes with insulin shots. This type of diabetes is reversible with a total lifestyle change primarily by lowering your sugar intake. If you are “pre-diabetic” and do not change your diet, you could develop type 2 diabetes. Someone who has type 2 diabetes has high blood sugar (hyperglycemia).
Normal blood sugar levels range from 80 to 110 mg/dl (milligrams per deciliter)
A person with Type 1 diabetes will have a blood sugar level lower than 80.
A person with Type 2 diabetes will have a blood sugar level higher than 110.
Diabetes does not discriminate. It can affect anyone. Eating healthy, keeping your sugar intake lower, staying active, and getting enough rest, helps to keep your blood sugar in check. Some people are looking to the Keto (ketogenic) or Paleo diet to help them get their blood sugar lower and maintaining this type of eating as a lifestyle.