Michigan Department of Natural Resources (MDNR) names wild pigs as “a growing problem”. Therefore, three decades ago there were no roaming pigs in Michigan, but by the end of the year 2011. There had been reports of more than 240 spotted in the state. Sources site game ranches that import boars for the sport of hunting as the main origination of the Michigan wild boars issue.
With the high birthrates of piglets, the state could have a major overpopulation difficulty on its hands within a matter of years. A female can have four to six piglets at one time, and up to two litters a year. That means a pig has the potential to multiply by twelve within a year.
Pigs kept as pets or livestock are generally of no threat to people. However when they start to live on their own scavenging for food and defending themselves against dangers. The pigs quickly become aggressive. It is rare that the animal will attack a human.
Michigan’s primary wild assortment of swine is the Eurasian pig. They are natives of North Africa, the Greater Sunda Islands, and Eurasia. First introduced to the Americas in 1890, New Hampshire was the first area in which the species became domesticated.
Within the United States, they have very few natural predators as they are an aggressive breed within a natural habitat. Those in their natural habitat have tigers, lynx, snow cats and other jungle creatures to worry about on a daily basis.
The MDNR has several solutions to the problem. Which is more restrictive fencing for captive animals and hunting options to keep the population down within the wild.
The DNR, the Michigan State Department of Agriculture, and Michigan Pork Producers Association are working as a collaboration to create laws to allow increased opportunities for controlling the feral pig population. However, the group wants to make changes in state rules to upgrade hunting rights and target Michigan wild boars.